According to MiTe (italian Ministry of the Environment) the national strategy for circular economy is a policy document which identifies actions, target and measures to be pursued in the institutional policy making with the aim of ensuring a genuine transition to circular economy.
2035 is the deadline for adopting these measures, although we don’t have that much time in practice. Indeed, already in 2017 a document was published to make Italy transit to a circular economy model, MiTe updated the document due to new necessities from the outside world.
In technical terms, circular economy does not mean simply recycling, but it involves a real change which leades companies to subvert their business models, such as the digital swtichover.
It is not just about the use of digital tools, but also appropriate financial and legislative instruments that allow to create stable relations between various trade associations, consortia of firms, managing bodies and control bodies.
IN CIRULAR ECONOMY, WHAT IS THE EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY?
EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) systems are organizational systems which are employed to switch from a linear model to a circular one, by extending new forms of responsibility to a extended form!
In particular as regards plastics, it becomes necessary to implement EPR schemes which definitely contribute to empowerment of economic operators, that consequently feel responsible for achieving community objectives. Similarly, also in the textile sector, the introduction of a strategy which manages modalities of re-use of waste becomes a priority.
THE ROLE OF THE CONSUMER INSTEAD?
In circular economy strategy a whole chapter is dedicated to the figure of the consumer because this strategy implementation should cover not only the improvement of production but also the change of consumption patterns.
But in order to make consumers conscious , it is necessary to:
- combat misleading advertising;
- promote knowledge and use of recognized brands (for example Ecolabel, ed), both for environmental aspects and for social ones;
- encourage, also fiscally, repair activities and the ones which share products and services.
…LET’S NOT FORGET ABOUT WATER!
Circular economy is fundamental also for the water.
In this case it becomes necessary:
- the revision of the current regulatory framework and unification of several prescriptions, requirements and water quality standards, traceable at various texts and legislation, in a single coordinated provision easy to use for operators;
- the possible expansion of the types of re-usable waters for different uses, regardless of their origin.
“Indeed, it must be reiterated that as long as chemical-physical and microbiological qualities of treated water are respected, its origin shall not preclude any kind of industrial, agricultural and civil use.”